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Bleeding - Apply until stoppling direct pressure with gauze or towel. Clean minor cuts with Hydrogen Peroxide. Apply antibiotic ointment and band-aid.

 

Sprains - Apply ice to swelling immediately, and off for next 2 days. Seek referral for evaluation of injury. Use Ibuprofen to relieve inflammation and pain. Elevate extremities where swelling is present. Compression with elastic bandage also may be helpful.

 

Burns - Treat minor burns with cool compress or water . If there is blistering, seek referral for evaluation of injury. Use Antiseptic sprays containing Benzocaine for temporary relief. For large burns, go to emergency facility.

 

Bug Stings/Bites - Apply ice immediately and remove stinger if visible. Take 25 mg Benedryl by mouth and apply antihistamine cream to site. Elevate if sting is on arm or leg. Go to emergency facility for extreme swelling or breathing difficulty.

 

Poison/Rash Ivy - Intensively wash area with antibacterial soap but try not to scratch. Apply hydrocortisone or antihistamine cream to rash. Wash hands after applying. To relive itching, take Benedryl by mouth. If not improved in one day, seek referral for medical treatment.

 

Congestion/Colds/Sore Throat Increase cold fluid consumption. Use throat lozenges according to directions on label. Take decongestant product for congestion according to label. Take Tylenol for fever, headache, or pain. Seek medical referral if symptoms do not improve in 2-3 daysor if fever over 102 degrees F, stiff neck or repeated vomiting occur.

 

Vomiting Take small sips of weak tea, ice chips, or ginger ale every 7-10 minutes. Use Emetrol liquid to ease nausea according to directed on label. Once liquids are tolerated without vomiting, try toast, rice, crackers, applesauce, clear soups or bananas for the next day. If tolerated, work up to a bland diet (fatty foods or roughage, no fried foods) and then back to a normal diet. If vomiting is persistent or accompanied by a fever over 102 degrees F or stiff neck, go to emergency room.

 

Diarrhea Try Imodium or Kaopectate according to directions on label. Stay on liquid diet until condition improves. If tolerated, work up to a bland diet (fats and roughage, avoid fried foods) over the next day, and then go back to normal diet.

 

Basic first aid supplies you need:

  • Elastic Bandages
  • Band-Aids
  • Gauze Pads
  • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Antibiotic Ointment (Neosporin, Polysporin)
  • Hydrocortisone Cream
  • Antihistamine Cream (Benadryl)
  • Antibacterial Soap (Dial)
  • Benadryl Capsules or Liquid
  • Antiseptic Spray containing Benzocaine
  • Throat Lozenges
  • Decongestant Tablets (Sudafed)
  • Cotton Balls, Cotton Swabs
  • Antidiarrheal (Imodium, Kaopectate)
  • Antacid (Tums, Maalox, Mylanta)
  • Anti-nausea (Emetrol, Pepto-Bismol)
  • Calamine Lotion, Caladryl Lotion
  • Cough Syrup (Robitussin, Vicks)
  • Thermometer
  • Salt